Ascension Providence Hospital - Scholarly Activity

     Research is an integral component of the General Surgery Residency program. Residents will have the opportunity to do case reports, retrospective studies (chart reviews), experimental studies (clinical trials, animal studies) and prospective studies. These studies can be developed with input from faculty, the General Surgery Research Coordinator (Dr. Jeff Flynn), Biomedical Research department and fellow residents.
     Each year, a number of papers from the department are published in peer reviewed journals. Our residents present numerous oral papers and posters at local, regional, national and international meetings including Ascension Providence Hospital's Research Day, Detroit Surgical Association,  Southeast Michigan Center for Medical Education (SEMCME), the  Michigan Chapter of the American College of Surgeons (ACS),  ACS, the  International College of Surgeons (U.S. section)  and the  World Congress of the International Hepato-Pancreato-Biliary Association, among others. The General Surgery Residency program also sponsors its own annual Surgical Research Forum, which provides an opportunity for current and former residents to present their latest research findings. We are extremely proud of these accomplishments.
     A listing of our presentations (oral, video and poster formats), honors and recently published papers is shown below.

  • Meeting


    Number of oral, video and/or poster presentations







    American College of Surgeons Clinical Congress 1 1 0 3 3
    Detroit Surgical Association  2  2 0 2 3
    International College of Surgeons (U.S. section) 2 2 2 3 2
    Michigan Chapter of the American College of Surgeons (Coller Day) 9 1 2 6 5
    Midwest Surgical Association  0  0 0 2 1
    Ascension Providence Hospital Research Day 1 8 7 6 8
    SEMCME Research Forum  0  0 2 1 3
    Southeastern Surgical Congress  1  3 3 1 5

          *, number of presentations to be determined 

  • Honors
    • Dr. Apram Jyot, Second place (Resident poster presentation), Michigan Association of Physicians of Indian Origin annual meeting
    • Dr. Manu Kaushik, Third place (Resident poster presentation), Michigan Association of Physicians of Indian Origin annual meeting
    • Dr. Manu Kaushik, Grand prize for research scholarship, International College of Surgeons, US section annual meeting
    • Dr. Manu Kaushik, Third place (Resident oral presentation), Ascension Providence Hospital Research Day
    • Dr. Kathryn Cameron, Third place (Resident poster presentation), Ascension Providence Hospital Research Day
    • Dr. Joseph Eid, Third place (Resident oral presentation), Ascension Providence Hospital Research Day
    • Dr. Elizabeth Lax, First place (Resident poster presentation), Ascension Providence Hospital Research Day
    • Dr. Sayee Kiran, Robert V. Danto Memorial Cancer Research Award, Michigan Chapter of the American College of Surgeons (Coller Day) annual meeting
    • Dr. Francisco Macedo, Second place (Resident oral presentation), 38th Annual Southeast Michigan Center for Medical Education Research Forum
    • Dr. Francisco Macedo, First place (Resident oral presentation), Ascension Providence Hospital Research Day
    • Dr. Sayee Kiran, Third place (Resident oral presentation), Ascension Providence Hospital Research Day
    • Dr. Sunu Philip, Third place (Resident poster presentation), Ascension Providence Hospital Research Day
    • Dr. Jasneet Bhullar, Grand prize for research scholarship, International College of Surgeons, US section annual meeting
    • Dr. Jasneet Bhullar, Robert V. Danto Memorial Cancer Research Award, Michigan Chapter of the American College of Surgeons (Coller Day) annual meeting
    • Dr. Tafadzwa Makarawo, Second place (Resident oral presentation), 37th Annual Southeast Michigan Center for Medical Education Research Forum
    • Dr. Tafadzwa Makarawo, First place (Resident oral presentation), Ascension Providence Hospital Research Day
    • Dr. Lauren Smithson, Second place (Resident oral presentation), Ascension Providence Hospital Research Day
    • Dr. Gurteshwar Rana, Third place (Resident poster presentation), Ascension Providence Hospital Research Day

  • Recently Published Papers
    • Bendix, S. D., R. Nolan, S. Banipal, and W. F. Oppat. Posterior tibial vein approach to catheter-directed thrombolysis for iliofemoral deep venous thrombosis. Journal of Vascular Surgery: Venous and Lymphatic Disorders, 7(Sep):629-634, 2019.  PMID 31231054
    • Eid, J. J., M. I. Reiley, A. L. Miciura, F. I. Macedo, E. Negussie, and V. K. Mittal. Interpretation of basic clinical images: how are surgical residents performing compared to other trainees? Journal of Surgical Education, 2019. (In press)  PMID 31080122
    • Kaushik, M., N. Glenesk, and S. Silapaswan. Reviving onlay ventral hernia repair: a novel concept of using a hernia stapler for securing the mesh. Indian Journal of Surgery, 81(Feb):102, 2019.  Journal website
    • Mittal, V. K., M. Kaushik, J. S. Bhullar, and S. Bindroo. Surgical education (developed vs developing nations), disparities, and future directions: Fulbright project survey report. Indian Journal of Surgery, 81(Aug):383-390, 2019.  Journal website
    • Sharma, N., J. J. Eid, and A. Damadi. Primary mucinous neoplasm of the retroperitoneum mimicking a terminal ileum mesenteric duplication cyst. American Surgeon, 85(Mar):e164-e166, 2019.   PMID 30947798
    • Dickens, E., R. Kolachalam, A. Gonzalez, C. Richardson, L. D'Amico, J. Rabaza, and R. Gamagami. Does robotic-assisted transabdominal preperitoneal (R-TAPP) hernia repair facilitate contralateral investigation and repair without compromising patient morbidity? Journal of Robotic Surgery, 12(Dec):713-718, 2018.  PMID 29713930
    • Gamagami, R., E. Dickens, A. Gonzalez, L. D'Amico, C. Richardson, J. Rabaza, and R. Kolachalam. Open versus robotic-assisted transabdominal preperitoneal (R-TAPP) inguinal hernia repair: a multicenter matched analysis of clinical outcomes. Hernia, 22(Oct):827-836, 2018.  PMID 29700716
    • Jayanthi, P., S. Philip, and P. Lopez. When is thigh pain a problem? Journal of Emergency Medicine, 55(Aug):e53-355, 2018.  PMID 29871828
    • Kaushik, M., S. Philip, and R. Kolachalam. A Visit to the Emergency Department With Neck and Shoulder Pain. JAMA Surgery, 153(Dec):1151-1152, 2018.  PMID 30090924
    • Kolachalam, R., E. Dickens, L. D'Amico, C. Richardson, J. Rabaza, R. Gamagami, and A. Gonzalez. Early outcomes of robotic-assisted inguinal hernia repair in obese patients: a multi-institutional, retrospective study. Surgical Endoscopy, 32(Jan):229-235, 2018.  PMID 28646321                
    • Macedo, F. I., J. J. Eid, M. Decker, B. Herschman, E. Negussie, and V. K. Mittal. Autogenous hepatic tissue transplantation into the omentum in a novel ectopic liver regeneration murine model. Journal of Surgical Research, 223(Mar):215-223, 2018  PMID 29433876
    • Mowzoon, M., F. I. B. Macedo, J. Kaur, and R. Kolachalam. Effectiveness and feasibility of robotic gastric neurostimulator placement in patients with refractory gastroparesis. Journal of Robotic Surgery, 12(Jun):313-310, 2018.  PMID 28730536                
    • Patel, M., H. Kapoor, and V. K. Mittal. Variations in teaching assistant case experience during general surgical residency. American Surgeon, 84(Nov):1745-1749, 2018.  PMID 30747627
    • Philip, S., and D. Apostolou. Aortic valve rupture: an important cause of ventilator-dependent respiratory failure after blunt chest trauma. American Surgeon, 84(Nov):e441-e442, 2018.  PMID 30747644
    • Philip, S., E. Drelichman, and S. Barnes. Right flank erythema after a fall. Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery, 22(Apr):751-752, 2018.  PMID 28971284
    • Philip, S., L. M. Hoesel, and M. White. How should we manage a delayed presentation of blunt splenic injury? Trauma, 20(Oct):293-296, 2018.  Journal website
    • Philip, S., N. Jackson, and V. Mittal. Outcomes after laparoscopic or robotic colectomy and open colectomy when compared by operative duration for the procedure. American Journal of Surgery, 215(Apr):577-580, 2018.  PMID 28629609
    • Eid, J. J., Macedo, F. I. B., and V. K. Mittal. Utilisation of radiology rotations in ACGME-accredited general surgery programmes. Postgraduate Medical Journal, 93(Oct):587-591, 2017.  PMID 28400464  
    • Eid, J. J., Macedo, F. I. B., E. Negussie, and V. K. Mittal. Assessing surgical residents' imaging interpretation skills. American Journal of Surgery, 213(Mar):498-501, 2017.  PMID 27890330
    • Hussain, A. S., A. Mullard, W. F. Oppat, and K. D. Nolan. Increased resource utilization and overall morbidity are associated with general versus regional anesthesia for carotid endarterectomy in data collected by the Michigan Surgical Quality Collaborative. Journal of Vascular Surgery, 66(Sep):802-809, 2017.  PMID 28433337  
    • Kaushik, M., G. Bakula, and V. Mittal. Surgical checklists: prevention is better than cure. Indian Journal of Surgery, 79(Dec):580-581, 2017.  PMID 29217917
    • Macedo, F. I. B., J. J. Eid, V. K. Mittal, J. Flynn, M. J. Jacobs, and R. Pearlman.  Impact of medical or surgical admission on outcomes of patients with acute cholecystitis. HPB: The Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association, 19(Feb):99-103, 2017.  PMID 27993464
    • Macedo, F. I. B., P. Jayanthi, M. Mowzoon, D. Yakoub, V. Dudeja, and N. Merchant. The impact of surgeon volume on outcomes after pancreaticoduodenectomy: a meta-analysis. Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery, 21(Oct):1723-1731, 2017.  PMID 28744743
    • Macedo, F. I. B., and V. K. Mittal. Does enhanced recovery pathways affect outcomes in open ventral hernia repair? Hernia, 21(Oct):817-818, 2017.  PMID 27853863  
    • Macedo, F. I. B, M. Mowzoon, V. K. Mittal, and M. Sabir. Outcomes of laparoscopic hiatal hernia repair in nine bariatric patients with prior sleeve gastrectomy. Obesity Surgery, 27(Oct):2768-2772, 2017.  PMID 28808884
    • Macedo, F. I. B., M. Mowzoon, J. Parikh, S. A. Sathyanarayana, and M. J. Jacobs. Disparities in the management and prophylaxis of surgical site infection and pancreatic fistula after pancreatoduodenectomy. Journal of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Sciences, 24(May):268-280, 2017. PMID 28251830
    • Philip, S., G. Bakula, M. Jacobs, and V. K. Mittal. The management of patients with colorectal cancer and synchronous liver metastases or indeterminate liver lesions: a community teaching hospital experience. American Surgeon, 83(Jan):E33-E35, 2017.  PMID 28234121
    • Philip, S., M. Kaushik, and V. K. Mittal. Factors associated with treatment failure after an index episode of acute diverticulitis. American Surgeon, 83(Jan):E21-E22, 2017.  PMID 28234114                
    • Philip, S., G. Mostafa, and D. Apostolou. Multiple injuries in blunt abdominal trauma. JAMA Surgery, 152(May):497-498, 2017.  PMID 28249073  
    • Varshney, N., A. A. Kebede, H. Owusu-Dapaah, J. Lather, M. Kaushik, and J. S. Bhullar. A review of Von Hippel-Lindau syndrome. Journal of Kidney Cancer and VHL, 4(Aug):20-29, 2017.  PMID 28785532
    • Dunford, G., S. Philip, and K. Kole. Three-port laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy: a  novel technical modification. Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy, and Percutaneous Techniques, 26(Dec):e174-e177, 2016.  PMID 27846160
    • Kaushik, M., J. S. Bhullar, S. Bindroo, H. Singh, and V. K. Mittal. Minimally invasive management of complicated diverticular disease: current status and review of literature. Digestive Diseases and Sciences, 61(Mar):663-672, 2016.  PMID 26547753  
    • Kaushik, M., J. S. Bhullar, and V. K. Mittal. 2016. Biomolecular basis of incisional hernias. In “Incisional and congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH): risk factors, management and outcomes.” R. Collins, editor. Nova Science Publishers, New York. pp. 19-29. 
    • Kaushik, M., H. Singh, and V. Mittal. Tubulocystic carcinoma of the kidney: an evolving entity. Journal of Kidney, 2(Feb):e105, 2016.  Open Access  
    • Macedo, F. I. B., J. J. Eid, J. Flynn, M. J. Jacobs, and V. K. Mittal. Optimal surgical management for occult breast carcinoma: a meta-analysis. Annals of Surgical Oncology, 23(Jun):1838-1844, 2016.  PMID 26832884  
    • Macedo, F. I. B., A. J. Race, and L. M. Hoesel. Ruptured cystic mesothelioma diagnosed after blunt trauma; case report and literature review. Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma, 4(Oct):244-247, 2016.  PMID 27878132
    • Makarawo,T.P., J. Shea, and L. Smithson. Necrotizing myonecrosis secondary to hematogenous spread of gas gangrene following colonic perforation.  International Journal of Colorectal Disease, 31(Jan):157-158, 2016. PMID 25787163
    • Mittal, V. K., and E. A. Lax. Hurdles in US surgical training for international medical graduates. Indian Journal of Surgery, 78(August):257-258, 2016.   PMID 27574340  
    • Philip, S., and E. Drelichman. Abdominal pain following lower gastrointestinal bleeding. JAMA Surgery, 151(Nov):1079-1080, 2016.  PMID 27603419
    • Philip, S., P. Hurley, and V. K. Mittal. Ureteric and bladder injuries with laparoscopic and robotic surgery: a community teaching hospital experience. American Surgeon, 82(Apr):E76-E77, 2016.  PMID 27097610  
    • Rana, G., J. S. Bhullar, G. Subhas, R. B. Kolachalam, and V. K. Mittal. Thirty-day readmissions after inpatient laparoscopic cholecystectomy: factors and outcomes. American Journal of Surgery, 211(Mar):626-630, 2016.  PMID 26916961  
    • Warren, E., S. A. Sathyanarayana, and M. J. Jacobs. Hepatocellular carcinoma masquerading as gall bladder mass. American Surgeon, 82(Feb):E38-E39, 2016.  PMID 26874120  
    • Yousif, N. J., H. S. Matloub, R. Kolachalam, B. K. Grumert, and J. R. Sanger. 2016. Transverse gracilis musculocutaneous flap. In “Grabb’s encyclopedia of flaps: upper extremities, torso, pelvis, and lower extremities.” 4th edition. B. Strauch, L. O. Vasconez, C. K. Herman, and B. T. Lee, editors. Wolters Kluwer Publishing, Philadelphia. pp. 1186-1188. 
    • Bhullar, J. S., S. Bindroo, K. Kaseem, and V. Mittal. ACGME-recognized international surgery rotation: a step in the right direction? or testing unknown waters.  American Surgeon, 81(May):E190-E191, 2015. PMID 25975305
    • Cozacov, Y., G. Subhas, M. Jacobs, and J. Parikh. Total laparoscopic removal of accessory gallbladder: a case report and review of literature. World Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery, 7(Dec):398-402, 2015.  PMID 26730286  
    • Egle, J. P., K. E. Cameron, V. Mittal, and A. McKendrick. Pathology encountered on short-term surgical mission trips to the Dominican Republic.  American Surgeon, 81(Mar):E117-E119, 2015. PMID 25760187
    • Egle, J. P., S. V. Malladi, N. Gopinath, and V. K. Mittal. Simulation training improves resident performance in hand-sewn vascular and bowel anastomoses. Journal of Surgical Education, 72(Mar-Apr):291-296, 2015.  PMID 25481803  
    • Egle, J. P., D. M. Smeenge, K. M. Kassem, and V. K. Mittal.  The Internet school of medicine: use of electronic resources by medical trainees and the reliability of those resources.  Journal of Surgical Education, 72(Mar-Apr):316-320, 2015. PMID 25487347  
    • Gupta, A., I. Kamikovski, A. Kamyab, and M. Jacobs. Immune thrombocytopenic purpura secondary to histoplasmosis. Journal of Medical Cases, 6(Nov):483-484, 2015.   Open Access  
    • Lax, E. A. and V. K. Mittal. Role of community program graduates in the surgical workforce: can recruitment efforts be focused to fulfill future demands for general surgeons? American Surgeon, 81(Sept):E342-E344, 2015.  PMID 2635065 4
    • Macedo, F. I. and V. K. Mittal. Total thyroidectomy versus lobectomy as initial operation for small unilateral papillary thyroid carcinoma: a meta-analysis.  Surgical Oncology, 24(Jun):117-122, 2015. PMID 25956302
    • Makarawo, T. P., J. Bartock, and M. L. Cullen. Neonatal bowel obstruction with unilateral labial swelling. JAMA Surgery, 150(Mar):269-270, 2015. PMID 25608030
    • Makarawo, T. P., R. A. Reynolds, and M. L. Cullen. Polylactide bioabsorbable struts for chest wall reconstruction in a pediatric patient. Annals of Thoracic Surgery, 99(Feb):689-691, 2015. PMID 25639409
    • Mittal, V. K. Simulation training - a necessity for future surgeons. Indian Journal of Surgery, 77(July-Aug):258-259, 2015.  PMID 26702230
    • Mittal, V. K., J. S. Bhullar, and K. Jayant. Animal models of human colorectal cancer: current status, uses and limitations. World Journal of Gastroenterology, 21(Nov):11854-11861, 2016.  PMID 26557009
    • Patel, M., J. S. Bhullar, G. Subhas, and V. Mittal. Present status of autonomy in surgical residency--a program director's perspective. American Surgeon, 81(Aug):786-790, 2015.   PMID 26215240  
    • Philip, S., A. Kamyab, and M. Jacobs. Biliary cystadenocarcinoma: an unusual case for recurrent hemobilia.  International Surgery, 100(Apr):702-704, 2015. PMID 25875554
    • Philip, S., G. Subhas, S. Karnib, and V. K. Mittal. The indication for colectomy does not influence the management of anastomotic leaks.  American Surgeon, 81(Apr):E154-E156, 2015. PMID 25831163
    • Philip, S., A. Kamyab, and P. Orfanou. A free terminal ileal perforation from active Crohn disease in pregnancy: a diagnostic challenge.  International Surgery, 100(Mar):450-454, 2015. PMID 25785326
    • Randhawa, S., J. S. Bhullar, G. Rana, A. Bhullar, V. K. Mittal, and Y. Goriel. Necrotizing fasciitis - a sinister complication of hemorrhoidectomy.  International Journal of Colorectal Disease, 30(Jun):851-852, 2015. PMID 25367181
    • Smithson, L., K. Delvecchio, and V. K. Mittal. Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education compliance and residence competence in hepatopancreaticobiliary surgery during general surgery residency: a program director review.  Journal of Surgical Education, 72(Sept-Oct):818-822, 2015.   PMID 25980826
    • Smithson, L. and M. J. Jacobs. Incidental enterogenous cyst of the pancreas: resection or observation? MIS Case Reports from SLS, e2015 (Aug):0053, 2015. Open Access  
    • Subhas, G., A. Gupta, M. Sabir, and V. K. Mittal. Gastric remnant twist in the immediate post-operative period following laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy. World Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery, 7(November):345-348, 2015.  PMID 26649158